Over the last 50 years, the black bear (Ursus americanus) population in New Jersey has greatly increased. Generally a secretive forest species, black bears are intelligent and opportunistic animals that have learned to benefit from human presence. Negative human-bear interactions have prompted state officials to manage the black bear population in NJ, using an integrated approach that includes scientific research, public
education and lethal population control. Understanding black bear ecology can help to successfully manage the population to reduce negative human-bear interactions.