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Cooperative Extension Fact Sheet FS1300

Five New Peach and Nectarine Varieties for New Jersey Commercial and Home Orchardists

  • Hemant Gohil, Agriculture and Natural Resources Agent, Gloucester County
  • Joseph Goffreda, Associate Professor, Tree Fruit Breeding
  • Daniel Ward, Extension Specialist in Pomology

Introduction and Identification

The Rutgers Tree Fruit Breeding program continues to develop new varieties, providing growers more options for diverse and sustainable commercial production while also giving home garden enthusiasts more opportunities for successful backyard fruit production. These new varieties also create additional opportunities for extended harvest and improved fruit quality to replace some of the older varieties. The germplasm (genetic material) utilized for developing new varieties from Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station (NJAES) was sourced from different parts of the world. Germplasm plants were selected for vigor, tolerance to environmental stress, as well as for plant and fruit characteristics that may have the potential to increase consumer demand. The unique characteristics of the new NJAES varieties provide an opportunity for growers to garner more shelf space in retail establishments and provide more choices for consumers at direct markets. New Jersey farmers are growing peaches with traditional flavor as well as newer sweeter varieties with lower acidity. In addition, there is consumer interest in firmer varieties with different flesh colors and textures that these varieties offer.

Five varieties were developed after extensive multi-year evaluations and research at several locations throughout New Jersey, each representing different microclimates. Following these variety trials, they were officially released in 2017. Other existing, more common varieties have been described in Rutgers NJAES fact sheets FS1074 (flat peach varieties); FS1201 (yellow-fleshed peach varieties); FS1203 (white-fleshed peach varieties); and FS1204 (nectarine varieties). Fruit and tree characteristics of these new peach and nectarine varieties are described below. Figures 1 and 2 describe the relative harvest timing of these varieties compared to other well-known varieties.Trees are available through Adams County Nursery, which sells these as well as other varieties released by the Rutgers tree fruit breeding program.

Zoom in Figure 1.

EvelynnTM NJ 357 .

EvelynnTM NJ 357

This is a yellow-fleshed peach with semi-free stone and firm flesh. It is a low acid peach, which ripens with Redhaven. It has large size and very attractive full scarlet coloring, with smooth low pubescence and retains its firmness very well. This variety is always productive and exhibits a low susceptibility to bacterial spot. Three-year average: firmness (10.35 lb); diameter (2.87 in.); mass (7.3 oz./205 g); total titratable acidity (0.76 g/l); and total soluble solids (10.23 Brix).

Zoom in Figure 2.

SelenaTM NJ 358.

SelenaTM NJ 358

This is a late season yellow peach with excellent firmness, ripening between "Jersey queen" and "Encore". Very large-fruited with attractive 50-80% red-on-yellow background. The fruit hangs well on the tree and has excellent flavor and coloring. This variety exhibits a low susceptibility to bacterial spot and is a productive choice. Three-year average: firmness (9.85 lb); diameter (3.10 in.); mass (8.6 oz./244 g); total titratable acidity (5.67 g/l); and total soluble solids (12.07 Brix).

Zoom in Figure 3.

TianaTM NJ 359.

TianaTM NJ 359

This is a late season yellow peach with free stone and very firm flesh, ripening between "Cresthaven" and "Encore." These large fruits have an excellent balance of acidity and sweetness. Provides exceptional flavor, with beautiful coloration (highly mottled (50-75%) red-on-yellow). This variety exhibits low susceptibility to bacterial spot. Three-year average: firmness (11 lb); diameter (2.67 in.); mass (9.6 oz./271 g); total titratable acidity (5.71 g/l); and total soluble solids (11.72 Brix).

Zoom in Figure 4.

BrigantineTM NJN 102.

BrigantineTM NJN 102

This is a yellow-fleshed nectarine with semi-freestone, ripening July 20-25 just before "Summer Beaut" and "Redhaven". It has a solid scarlet coloring and a nice acidic flavor and firm melting flesh. Fruit skin is consistently free from blemishes. This is a very productive tree with low susceptibility to bacterial spot while fruit has moderate susceptibility to bacterial spot. Three-year average: firmness (9.05 lb); diameter (2.60 in.); mass (6.0 oz./172 g); total titratable acidity (1.46 g/l); and total soluble solids (10.05 Brix).

Zoom in Figure 5.

SilvergloTM NJN 103.

SilvergloTM NJN 103

This white-fleshed nectarine has a clingstone/semi-free stone, and ripens between "Arctic Sweet" and "Arctic Jay". Its fruit is larger and more attractive than other white nectarines during that time of season. It has nice acidic flavor, attractive color, lots of pinkish-red color and very few skin blemishes. The tree is moderately vigorous with low susceptibility to bacterial spot. Three-year average: firmness (11.35 lb); diameter (2.67 in.); mass (6.7 oz./201 g); total titratable acidity (7.36 g/l); and total soluble solids (10.54 Brix).

Figure 1. Relative harvest time of new nectarine varieties in relation to other known varieties.
Month of Harvest Yellow Nectarine White Nectarine
Early July    
  Mayfire
Eastern Glo
Nectafest
Avalon
Honey Blaze
Brigantine
Arctic Star
Jade
Silver Gem
Arctic Sweet
Arctic Glo
through
Late July
   
Early August    
  Summer Beaut
Sunglo
Flavortop
Red Gold
Fantasia

Silverglo
Emeraude
Arctic Jay
Arctic Belle
Honey Royale
through
Late August
   
September Ambre Zephyr
Arctic Pride



Figure 2. Relative harvest time of new peach varieties in relation to other known varieties.
Month of Harvest Yellow Peach White Peach
Early July    

Rich May
Desiree
Flamin Fury PF 5D B
Early Star
Sentry
Garnet Beauty
Summer Serenade
Glen Glo
Gala
Flamin Fury PF 15A
Spring Snow
Sugar May
Manon
Scarlet Pearl
Snowbrite
Arctic Sweet
through
Late July
   
Early August    

Reliance
Evelynn
Red haven
PF 9A-007
Blazing Star
Flamin Fury PF 13
John Boy
Starfire
John Boy II
Earnie's Choice
Flamin Fury PF 17
Crimson Rocket
Glohaven
Bounty
Allstar
Flavorburst
Contender
Flamin Fury PF 19-007
Loring
Flamin Fury PF 23
July Prince
Gloria
Flamin Fury PF 24-007
White Lady
Snow Beauty
Klondike
Caroline Belle
Sugar Giant
Opale
Benedict
Blushing Star
August Rose
Lady Nancy
through
Late August
   
Early September    
  Selena
Summerfest
PF 28-007
Encore
Tiana
Autumn Star
Laurol
Victoria

Snow Giant
Yukon King
September Snow
through
Late September
   

 

References:

Photo credits: Hemant Gohil, Jerry Frecon, and Adams County Nursery

January 2019