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Landscape Plants Rated by Deer Resistance

Photo: Ageratum houstonianum. Photo: Picea glauca. Photo: Thelyptens noveboracensis.

The following is a list of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer damage. The list was compiled with input from nursery and landscape professionals, Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station (NJAES) Cooperative Extension personnel, and Rutgers Master Gardeners in northern New Jersey.

Realizing that no plant is deer proof, plants in the Rarely Damaged, and Seldom Severely Damaged categories would be best for landscapes prone to deer damage. Plants Occasionally Severely Damaged and Frequently Severely Damaged are often preferred by deer and should only be planted with additional protection such as the use of fencing, repellents, etc. Success of any of these plants in the landscape will depend on local deer populations and weather conditions.


A = Rarely Damaged
B = Seldom Severely Damaged
C = Occasionally Severely Damaged
D = Frequently Severely Damaged

All Ratings - All Types
Common Name Latin Name Type Rating
Ageratum  View photo of Ageratum Ageratum houstonianum Annuals A
Allegheny Spurge  View photo of Allegheny Spurge Pachysandra procumbens Groundcovers A
American Holly Ilex opaca Trees A
Angel's Trumpet Brugmansia sp. (Datura) Annuals A
Anise Pimpinalla anisum Annuals A
Anise Hyssop  View photo of Anise Hyssop Agastache sp. Perennials A
Annual Vinca  View photo of Annual Vinca Catharanthus rosea Annuals A
Arrowwood Viburnum Viburnum dentatum Shrubs A
Autumn Crocus  View photo of Autumn Crocus Colchicum sp. Bulbs A
Barberry  View photo of Barberry Berberis sp. Shrubs A
Barrenwort  View photo of Barrenwort Epimedium sp. Groundcovers A
Basket of Gold Aurinia saxatilis Perennials A
Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica Shrubs A
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Groundcovers A
Big Bluestem  View photo of Big Bluestem Andropogon sp. Ornamental Grasses A
Bigleaf Goldenray  View photo of Bigleaf Goldenray Ligularia dentata Perennials A
Bishop's Weed  View photo of Bishop's Weed Aegopodium podagaria Groundcovers A
Bleeding Heart  View photo of Bleeding Heart Dicentra spectabilis Perennials A
Blue Fescue  View photo of Blue Fescue Festuca glauca Ornamental Grasses A
Blue Mist Shrub  View photo of Blue Mist Shrub Caryopteris clandonensis Shrubs A
Blue Oat Grass Helictotrichon sempervirens Ornamental Grasses A
Bluebell Endymion sp. Bulbs A
Bottlebrush Buckeye  View photo of Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus parviflora Trees A
Broom Cytisus sp. Shrubs A
Bugleweed  View photo of Bugleweed Ajuga reptans Groundcovers A
Bush Cinquefoil Potentilla fruticosa Shrubs A
Butter & Eggs Linaria vulgaris Perennials A
Buttercup Ranunculus sp. Perennials A
Butterfly Bush  View photo of Butterfly Bush Buddleia sp. Shrubs A
Cactus Cactaceae sp. Perennials A
Catmint  View photo of Catmint Nepeta sp. Perennials A
Christmas Fern  View photo of Christmas Fern Polystichum arcostichoides Ferns A
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Ferns A
Clump Bamboo Fargesia sp. Ornamental Grasses A
Common Boxwood  View photo of Common Boxwood Buxus sempervirens Shrubs A
Common Foxglove  View photo of Common Foxglove Digitalis purpurea Biennials A
Common Tansy Tanacetum vulgare Perennials A
Corydalis  View photo of Corydalis Corydalis sp. Perennials A
Crown Imperial, Fritilia Fritilaria imperialis Bulbs A
Daffodil  View photo of Daffodil Narcissus sp. Bulbs A
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis Perennials A
Daphne  View photo of Daphne Daphne sp. Shrubs A
Devil's Walking Stick Aralia spinosa Shrubs A
Drooping Leucothoe  View photo of Drooping Leucothoe Leucothoe fontanesiana Shrubs A
Dusty Miller Centaurea cineraria Annuals A
Dwarf Alberta Spruce  View photo of Dwarf Alberta Spruce Picea glauca 'Conica' Trees A
European Ginger  View photo of European Ginger Asarum europaeum Perennials A
False Camomile Matricaria sp. Annuals A
False Indigo  View photo of False Indigo Baptisia australis Perennials A
Feather Reed Grass  View photo of Feather Reed Grass Calamagrostis sp. Ornamental Grasses A
Flowering Tobacco Nicotiana sp. Annuals A
Forget-Me-Not Myosotis sp. Perennials A
Forget-Me-Not  View photo of Forget-Me-Not Myosotis sylvatica Annuals A
Fountain Grass  View photo of Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides Ornamental Grasses A
Fragrant Sumac  View photo of Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica Shrubs A
Fringed Bleeding Heart Dicentra eximia Perennials A
Garden Sage  View photo of Garden Sage Salvia officinalis Perennials A
Germander  View photo of Germander Teucrium chamaedrys Perennials A
Giant Japanese Silver Grass Miscanthus floridulis Ornamental Grasses A
Giant Reed  View photo of Giant Reed Arundo donax Ornamental Grasses A
Golden Bamboo Phyllostachys aurea Ornamental Grasses A
Greek Jerusalem Sage Phlomis sp. Perennials A
Hakonechloa  View photo of Hakonechloa Hakonechloa macra Ornamental Grasses A
Hard Rush Juncus effusus Ornamental Grasses A
Hayscented Fern  View photo of Hayscented Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula Ferns A
Heath Erica sp. Shrubs A
Heather Calliuna sp. Shrubs A
Heliotrope Heliotropium arborescens Annuals A
Holly Fern Cyrtomium falcatum Ferns A
Horehound Marrubium vulgare Perennials A
Horseradish Armoracia rusticana Perennials A
Hyssop Hyssopus officinalis Perennials A
Indian Grass Sorghastrum nutans Ornamental Grasses A
Iris  View photo of Iris (2) Iris sp. Perennials A
Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphylum Perennials A
Japanese Black Pine Pinus thunbergiana Trees A
Japanese Blood Grass  View photo of Japanese Blood Grass Imperata cylindrica Ornamental Grasses A
Japanese Painted Fern  View photo of Japanese Painted Fern Athyrium goeringianum (nipponicum) Ferns A
Japanese Pieris, Andromeda  View photo of Japanese Pieris, Andromeda Pieris japonica Shrubs A
Japanese Plum Yew  View photo of Japanese Plum Yew Cephalotaxus harringtonia Shrubs A
Japanese Sedge  View photo of Japanese Sedge Carex sp. Ornamental Grasses A
Japanese Silver Grass  View photo of Japanese Silver Grass Miscanthus sinensis Ornamental Grasses A
Japanese Skimmia Skimmia japonica Shrubs A
Japanese Sweet Flag Acorus sp. Ornamental Grasses A
John T. Morris Holly Ilex x 'John T. Morris' Shrubs A
Katsura Tree Cercidiphyllum japonicum Trees A
Lamb's Ear  View photo of Lamb's Ear Stachys byzantina Perennials A
Large Blue June Grass Koeleria glauca Ornamental Grasses A
Larkspur Consolida ambigua Annuals A
Lavendar Lavandula sp. Perennials A
Lavender-Cotton Santolina chamaecyparissus Perennials A
Leatherleaf Mahonia  View photo of Leatherleaf Mahonia Mahonia bealei Shrubs A
Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis Perennials A
Lenten or Christmas Rose  View photo of Lenten or Christmas Rose Helleborus sp. Perennials A
Lily of the Valley  View photo of Lily of the Valley Convallaria majalis Groundcovers A
Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium Ornamental Grasses A
Lungwort  View photo of Lungwort Pulmonaria sp. Perennials A
Lydia Morris Holly Ilex x 'Lydia Morris' Shrubs A
Lyme Grass  View photo of Lyme Grass Leymus arenarius glaucous Ornamental Grasses A
Marjoram Majorana Perennials A
May Apple Podophyllum Perennials A
Meadow Rue Thalictrum sp. Perennials A
Mimosa  View photo of Mimosa Albizia julibrissin Trees A
Mint Mentha sp. Perennials A
Monkshood Aconitum sp. Perennials A
Moonglow Juniper Juniperus scopulorum 'Moonglow' Shrubs A
Mountain Pieris Pieris floribunda Shrubs A
New York Fern  View photo of New York Fern Thelyptens noveboracensis Ferns A
Northern Sea Oats  View photo of Northern Sea Oats Chasmanthium latifolium Ornamental Grasses A
Oregano  View photo of Oregano Origanum sp. Perennials A
Oregon Grape Holly  View photo of Oregon Grape Holly Mahonia aquifolium Shrubs A
Oriental Fountain Grass  View photo of Oriental Fountain Grass Pennisetum orientale Ornamental Grasses A
Ornamental Onion  View photo of Ornamental Onion Allium sp. Perennials A
Ornamental Onion  View photo of Ornamental Onion Allium sp. Bulbs A
Ostrich Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris Ferns A
Pachysandra  View photo of Pachysandra Pachysandra terminalis Groundcovers A
Pampus Grass Cortaderia selloana Ornamental Grasses A
Paper Birch Betula papyrifera Trees A
Pawpaw  View photo of Pawpaw Asimina triloba Trees A
Peony  View photo of Peony (2) Paeonia sp. Perennials A
Pitch Pine Pinus rigida Trees A
Poppy  View photo of Poppy Papaver sp. Annuals A
Pot Marigold  View photo of Pot Marigold Calendula sp. Annuals A
Potentilla, Cinquefoil Potentilla sp. Perennials A
Prince of Wales Juniper Juniperus horizontalis 'Prince of Wales' Shrubs A
Purple Moor Grass Molinia caerulea Ornamental Grasses A
Purple Rock-Cress Aubretia deltoidea Perennials A
Ravenna Grass  View photo of Ravenna Grass Erianthus ravennae Ornamental Grasses A
Red Elderberry Sambucus racemosa Shrubs A
Red Pine Pinus resinosa Trees A
River Birch Betula nigra Trees A
Rock-Cress Arabis caucasica Perennials A
Rocket Ligularia  View photo of Rocket Ligularia Ligularia 'The Rocket' Perennials A
Rodgers Flower Rodgersia sp. Perennials A
Rose Campion Lychnis coronaria Perennials A
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis Annuals A
Royal Fern Osmunda regalis Ferns A
Rue Ruta sp. Perennials A
Russian Cypress  View photo of Russian Cypress Microbiota decussata Shrubs A
Russian Olive Elaeagnus angustifolia Shrubs A
Russian Sage  View photo of Russian Sage Perovskio atriplicifolia Perennials A
Sensitive Fern Onoclea sensibilis Ferns A
Siberian Bugloss  View photo of Siberian Bugloss Bruneria macrophylla (Brunnera) Perennials A
Siberian Squill Scilla siberica Bulbs A
Silver Mound  View photo of Silver Mound Artemisia sp. Perennials A
Small Globe Thistle Echinops ritro Perennials A
Snapdragon Antirrhinum majus Annuals A
Snowdrops Galanthus nivalis Bulbs A
Snow-on-the-Mountain Euphorbia marginata Annuals A
Spider Flower  View photo of Spider Flower Cleome sp. Annuals A
Spotted Deadnettle  View photo of Spotted Deadnettle Lamium sp. Groundcovers A
Spurge  View photo of Spurge Euphorbia sp. (except 'Chameleon') Perennials A
Statice  View photo of Statice Limonium latifolium Perennials A
Strawflower Helichrysum Annuals A
Sweet Alyssum Lobularia maritima Annuals A
Sweet Box  View photo of Sweet Box Sarcoccoca hookeriana Shrubs A
Sweet Woodruff  View photo of Sweet Woodruff Galium odoratum (Asperula odorata) Groundcovers A
Switch Grass Panicum virgatum Ornamental Grasses A
Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus Perennials A
Threadleaf Coreopsis  View photo of Threadleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata Perennials A
Thyme  View photo of Thyme Thymus sp. Perennials A
Variegated Purple Moor Grass Molinia caerulea 'Variegata' Ornamental Grasses A
Varigated Oat Grass Arrhenatherum elatius Ornamental Grasses A
Weeping Love Grass Eragrostus curvula Ornamental Grasses A
Wild Ginger  View photo of Wild Ginger Asarum canadense Perennials A
Winter Aconite Eranthus hyemalis Bulbs A
Wood Fern Dryopteris marginalis Ferns A
Yucca  View photo of Yucca Yucca filimentosa Perennials A
African Lily Agapanthus sp. Perennials B
Allegheny Serviceberry  View photo of Allegheny Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis Trees B
American Bittersweet Celastrus scandens Vines B
Anthony Waterer Spirea Spiraea x bumalda Shrubs B
Armstrong Juniper Juniperus chinensis 'Armstrongii' Shrubs B
Asparagus Asparagus officinalis Perennials B
Aster Aster sp. Perennials B
Astilbe  View photo of Astilbe Astilbe sp. Perennials B
Austrian Pine Pinus nigra Trees B
Autumn Olive Elaeagnus umbellatus Shrubs B
Baby's Breath Gypsophila sp. Perennials B
Bachelor's Buttons Centaurea cyanus Annuals B
Bamboo Bambusa sp. Ornamental Grasses B
Basil Ocimum basilicum Annuals B
Bearberry Cotoneaster Cotoneaster dammeri Shrubs B
Beautyberry  View photo of Beautyberry Callicarpa sp. Shrubs B
Beautybush Kolkwitzia amabilis Shrubs B
Beebalm  View photo of Beebalm Monarda didyma Perennials B
Black-Eyed Susan  View photo of Black-Eyed Susan Rudbeckia sp. Perennials B
Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum prunifolium Shrubs B
Blazing Star  View photo of Blazing Star Liatris sp. Perennials B
Blue Star Juniper Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star' Shrubs B
Blueberry Elder, Sweet Elder Sambucus canadensis Shrubs B
Bog Rosemary Andromeda polifolia Shrubs B
Borage  View photo of Borage Borage officinalis Annuals B
Bottlebrush Grass Hystrix patula Ornamental Grasses B
Brambles Rubus sp. Shrubs B
Bridalwreath Spirea Spiraea prunifolia Shrubs B
Buckthorn Rhammus sp. Shrubs B
Bugloss Anchusa sp. Perennials B
Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa Perennials B
California Poppy  View photo of California Poppy Eschscholzia californica Annuals B
California Sweetshrub Calycanthus occidentalis Shrubs B
Calla Lily Zantedeschia sp. Bulbs B
Camassia Camassia leichtlini Bulbs B
Candytuft Iberis sempervirens Perennials B
Candytuft Iberis umbellata Annuals B
Canna Lily  View photo of Canna Lily Canna sp. Bulbs B
Cardinal Flower  View photo of Cardinal Flower Lobelia sp. Perennials B
Carnation, Pinks Dianthus sp. Perennials B
Carolina Silverbell Halesia carolina Shrubs B
Cherry Laurel Prunus laurocerasus Shrubs B
Chinese Fringe Tree Chionanthus retusus Trees B
Chinese Holly Ilex cornuta Shrubs B
Chinese Juniper (1) Juniperus chinensis cv. Shrubs B
Chinese Paper Birch Betula albo-sinensis Trees B
Coast Leucothoe Leucothoe axillaris Shrubs B
Cock's Comb Celosia sp. Annuals B
Colorado Blue Spruce Picea pungens Trees B
Columbine  View photo of Columbine Aquilegia sp. Perennials B
Common Flowering Quince Chaenomeles speciosa Trees B
Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris Shrubs B
Common Sassafras Sassafras albidurn Trees B
Common Sweetshrub Calycanthus floridus Shrubs B
Common Witchhazel Hamamelis virginiana Shrubs B
Common Yarrow  View photo of Common Yarrow Achillea millefolium Perennials B
Coralbells  View photo of Coralbells Heuchera sp. Perennials B
Coralberry Symphoricarpos x chenaultii Shrubs B
Corkscrew Willow Salix matsudana tortuosa Trees B
Cranberry Bush  View photo of Cranberry Bush Viburnum opulus Shrubs B
Cranberry Cotoneaster Cotoneaster apiculatus Shrubs B
Crape Myrtle  View photo of Crape Myrtle Lagerstroemia indica Shrubs B
Creeping Juniper (1) Juniperus horizontalis cv. Shrubs B
Creeping Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens Groundcovers B
Crocosmia  View photo of Crocosmia Croscosmia sp. Perennials B
Crocus Crocus sp. Bulbs B
Currant Ribes sp. Shrubs B
Cyclamen Cyclamen sp. Perennials B
Dawn Redwood Metasequoia glyptostroboides Trees B
Delphinium Delphinium sp. Perennials B
Deutzia  View photo of Deutzia Deutzia sp. Shrubs B
Dill Anethumus graveolens Annuals B
Doublefile Viburnum  View photo of Doublefile Viburnum Viburnum plicatum tomentosurn Shrubs B
Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga menziesii Trees B
Downy Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea Trees B
Dragon Lady, San Jose Holly Ilex x aquipernyi Trees B
Drooping Sedge Carex pendula Ornamental Grasses B
Dwarf Balsam Fir Abies balsamea Shrubs B
Dwarf Mondo Grass Ophiopogon japonicus Ornamental Grasses B
Eastern Red Cedar  View photo of Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana Trees B
Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus Trees B
Elephant Ear  View photo of Elephant Ear Colocasia esculenta Bulbs B
English Hawthorn Crataegus laevigata Trees B
English Holly  View photo of English Holly Ilex aquifolium Shrubs B
European Ash Fraxinus excelsior Trees B
European Beech Fagus sylvatica Trees B
European White Birch Betula pendula Trees B
Feverfew  View photo of Feverfew Chrysanthemum parthenium Perennials B
Firethorn Pyracantha coccinea Shrubs B
Foam Flower  View photo of Foam Flower Tiarella cordifolia Perennials B
Forget-Me-Not Myosotis alpestris Biennials B
Forsythia  View photo of Forsythia Forsythia x intermedia Shrubs B
Fothergillia Fothergila sp. Shrubs B
French Marigold  View photo of French Marigold Tagetes patula Annuals B
Gas Plant  View photo of Gas Plant Dictamus alba Perennials B
Gladiolus Gladiolus sp. Bulbs B
Glory Lily Gloriosa superba Bulbs B
Glossy Abelia Abelia sp. Shrubs B
Goldenrain Tree  View photo of Goldenrain Tree Koelreuteria paniculata Trees B
Goldenrod  View photo of Goldenrod Solidago sp. Perennials B
Goldust Plant  View photo of Goldust Plant Aucuba japonica Shrubs B
Grape Hyacinth Muscari sp. Bulbs B
Green Ash Fraximus pennsylvanica Trees B
Hardy Geranium Geranium macrorrhizum Perennials B
Harlequin Glorybower Clerodendrum fargesii Shrubs B
Hazelnut Corylus sp. Shrubs B
Heartleaf Bergenia  View photo of Heartleaf Bergenia Bergenia sp. Perennials B
Hens and Chickens  View photo of Hens and Chickens Sempervivum sp. Perennials B
Himalayan Birch Betula jacquemontii Trees B
Holly Osmanthus Osmanthus heterophyllus Shrubs B
Honey Locust  View photo of Honey Locust Gleditsia triacanthos Trees B
Hyacinth Hyacinthus sp. Bulbs B
Inkberry Ilex glabra Shrubs B
Jacob's Ladder Polemonium caeruleum Perennials B
Japanese Anemone Anemone x hybrida Perennials B
Japanese Cedar Cryptomeria japonica Trees B
Japanese Falsecypress  View photo of Japanese Falsecypress Chamaecyparis pisifera Trees B
Japanese Flowering Cherry Prunus serrulata Trees B
Japanese Flowering Quince Chaenomeles japonica Shrubs B
Japanese Garden Juniper Juniperus procumbens 'Nana' Shrubs B
Japanese Kerria Kerria japonica Shrubs B
Japanese Maple  View photo of Japanese Maple Acer palmatum Trees B
Japanese Red Pine Pinus densiflora Trees B
Japanese Spirea  View photo of Japanese Spirea Spiraea japonica Shrubs B
Japanese Tree Lilac Syringa reticulata Shrubs B
Judd Viburnum Viburnum x juddii Shrubs B
Koreanspice Viburnum Viburnum carlesii Shrubs B
Kousa Dogwood  View photo of Kousa Dogwood Cornus kousa Trees B
Ladys' Mantle  View photo of Ladys' Mantle Alchemilla sp. Perennials B
Lance Coreopsis  View photo of Lance Coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolata Perennials B
Lantana  View photo of Lantana Lantana sp. Annuals B
Large Periwinkle Vinca major Groundcovers B
Leatherleaf Viburnum Viburnum rhytidophyllum Shrubs B
Lilyturf Liriope sp. Groundcovers B
Lobelia Lobelia sp. Annuals B
Lupine Lupinus sp. Perennials B
Maltese Cross  View photo of Maltese Cross Lychnis chalcedonica Perennials B
Meadow Sage Salvia nemorosa Perennials B
Mist Flower Eupatorium coelestinurn Perennials B
Money Plant  View photo of Money Plant Lunaria annua Biennials B
Mountain Juniper (1) Juniperus scopulorum cv. Shrubs B
Mugo Pine  View photo of Mugo Pine Pinus mugo Shrubs B
Mullein Verbascum sp. Perennials B
Nasturtium Tropaeolum majus Annuals B
Norway Spruce Picea abies Trees B
Obedient Plant Physostegia sp. Perennials B
Oriental Poppy Papaver orientale Perennials B
Paperbark Maple  View photo of Paperbark Maple Acer griseurn Trees B
Parsley Petroselinum crispum Annuals B
Patrinia Patrinia scabiosifolia Perennials B
Periwinkle Vinca minor Groundcovers B
Pfitzer Juniper Juniperus chinensis 'Pfitzerana' Shrubs B
Pincushin Flower Scabiosa caucasica Perennials B
Plumbago  View photo of Plumbago Ceratostigma plumbaginoides Groundcovers B
Plume Poppy Macleaya cordata Perennials B
Primrose Primula sp. Perennials B
Privet Ligustrurn sp. Shrubs B
Purple Coneflower  View photo of Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea Perennials B
Pyrenees Cotoneaster Cotoneaster congestus Shrubs B
Red Chokeberry Aronia arbutifolia Shrubs B
Red Maple Acer rubrum Trees B
Red Osier Dogwood Cornus sericea Shrubs B
Red Twigged Dogwood Cornus alba Shrubs B
Red-Hot Poker  View photo of Red-Hot Poker Kniphofia tritoma Perennials B
Redvein Enkianthus  View photo of Redvein Enkianthus Enkianthus campanulatus Shrubs B
Rhubarb Rheum rhabarbarum Perennials B
Ribbon Grass Phalaris arundinaceae Ornamental Grasses B
Rockspray Cotoneaster Cotoneaster horizontalis Shrubs B
Rose of Sharon  View photo of Rose of Sharon Hibiscus syriacus Shrubs B
Ruby Horsechestnut  View photo of Ruby Horsechestnut Aesculus x carnea Trees B
Rue Anemone Anemonella thalictroides Perennials B
Salvia Salvia Annuals B
Saucer Magnolia Magnolia x soulangiana Shrubs B
Savin/Tam Juniper Juniperus sabin cv. Shrubs B
Savory Satureja montana Perennials B
Scotch Pine Pinus sylvestris Trees B
Sea Buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides Shrubs B
Sea Thrift Armeria maritima Perennials B
Sedge Scirpus lacustris Ornamental Grasses B
Serbian Spruce Picea omorika Trees B
Shadbush Amelanchier canadensis Trees B
Shiso Perilla frutescens Annuals B
Singleseed Juniper (1) Juniperus squamata cv. Shrubs B
Skunk Cabbage Symplocarpos foetidus Perennials B
Smokebush  View photo of Smokebush Cotinus coggygria Shrubs B
Snakeroot, Bugbane  View photo of Snakeroot, Bugbane Cimcifuga sp. Perennials B
Sneezeweed Helenium autumnale Perennials B
Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus Shrubs B
Snow-in-Summer  View photo of Snow-in-Summer Cerastium Perennials B
Soapwort  View photo of Soapwort Saponaria sp. Perennials B
Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum Trees B
Speedwell  View photo of Speedwell Veronica sp. Perennials B
Spicebush Lindera benzoin Shrubs B
Spiderwort Tradescantia sp. Perennials B
St. John's Wort  View photo of St. John's Wort Hypericum calycinum Perennials B
St. John's Wort  View photo of St. John's Wort Hypericum prolificum Shrubs B
Stocks Matthiola sp. Annuals B
Stokes' Aster Stokesia laevis Perennials B
Striped Maple Acer pensylvanicum Trees B
Sugar Maple Acer saccharum Trees B
Swamp Milkweed  View photo of Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata Perennials B
Sweet Mock Orange  View photo of Sweet Mock Orange Philadelphus coronarius Shrubs B
Sweet Pepperbush  View photo of Sweet Pepperbush Clethra sp. Shrubs B
Sweet William Dianthus barbatus Biennials B
Toad Lily  View photo of Toad Lily Tricyrtis hirta Perennials B
Trillium Trillium sp. Perennials B
Trout Lily Erythronium Perennials B
Tulip Tree Liriodendron tulipifera Trees B
Verbena Verbena x hybrida Annuals B
Violets Viola sp. Perennials B
Virginia Bluebells Mertensia virginica Perennials B
Virginia Sweetspire Itea virginica Shrubs B
Wallflower Cheiranthus sp. Annuals B
Weigela Weigela florida Shrubs B
White Boltonia Boltonia asteroides Perennials B
White Snakeroot Eupatorium rugosum Perennials B
White Spruce Picea glauca Trees B
Willowleaf Cotoneaster Cotoneaster salicifolius Shrubs B
Winter Jasmine Jasminum nudiflorum Vines B
Winterberry Holly  View photo of Winterberry Holly Ilex verticillata Shrubs B
Wisteria Wisteria floribunda Vines B
Wood Sorrel Oxalis sp. Bulbs B
Yarrow Achillea filipendulina Perennials B
Yellow Birch Betula lutea Trees B
Yellow Foxglove  View photo of Yellow Foxglove Digitalis grandiflora Perennials B
Yellow Wax-Bells Kirengeshoma palmata Perennials B
Youngstown Andorra Juniper Juniperus horizontalis 'Youngstown' Shrubs B
Zinnia  View photo of Zinnia Zinnia sp. Annuals B
Alternate-Leaved Dogwood Cornus alternifolia Trees C
Apples Malus sp. Trees C
Atlantic White Cedar Chamaecyparis thyoides Trees C
Atlas Cedar Cedrus atlantica Trees C
Bald Cypress Taxodium distichum Trees C
Balloon Flower Platycodon grandiflorus Perennials C
Balsam Fir Abies balsamea Trees C
Balsam, Touch-Me-Not Impatiens balsamina Annuals C
Basswood Tilia americana Trees C
Bellflower Campanula glomerata Perennials C
Bigleaf Hydrangea Hydrangea macrophylla Shrubs C
Black Locust Robinia pseudoacia Trees C
Blanket Flower  View photo of Blanket Flower Gaillardia sp. Perennials C
Bloodtwig Dogwood Cornus sanguinea Shrubs C
Blue Holly Ilex x meserveae Shrubs C
Caladium Caladium sp. Bulbs C
Callery Pear Pyrus calleryana Trees C
Canterbury Bells Campanula medium Biennials C
Carolina Hemlock Tsuga caroliniana Trees C
Carolina Rhododendron Rhododendron carolinianum Shrubs C
Catawba Rhododendron Rhododendron catawbiense Shrubs C
Checkermallow Sidalcia malviflora Perennials C
Chestnut Oak Quercus prinus Trees C
Chinese Lilac  View photo of Chinese Lilac Syringa x chinesis Shrubs C
Clematis Clematis sp. Vines C
Climbing Hydrangea  View photo of Climbing Hydrangea Hydrangea anomala petiolaris Vines C
Coleus  View photo of Coleus Coleus sp. Annuals C
Comfrey Symphytum officinale Perennials C
Common Horsechestnut Aesculus hippocastanum Trees C
Common Pear Pyrus communis Trees C
Cornelian Cherry Cornus mas Trees C
Cosmos Cosmos sp. Annuals C
Dahlia Dahlia sp. Annuals C
Daylily Hemerocallis sp. Perennials C
Deciduous Azaleas (1) Rhododendron sp. Shrubs C
Eastern Hemlock Tsuga canadensis Trees C
Eastern Redbud  View photo of Eastern Redbud Cercis canadensis Trees C
English Daisy Bellis perennis Perennials C
English Ivy  View photo of English Ivy Hedera helix Groundcovers C
English Ivy  View photo of English Ivy Hedera helix Vines C
European Larch Larix decidua Trees C
Fall Mums Chrysanthemum Perennials C
Fleabane Erigeron sp. Perennials C
Flowering Dogwood  View photo of Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida Trees C
Fragrant Winterhazel Corylopsis glabrescens Shrubs C
Fraser Fir Abies fraseri Trees C
Garden Lily Lilium sp. Bulbs C
Garden Petunia  View photo of Garden Petunia Petunia sp. Annuals C
Geranium  View photo of Geranium Pelargonium sp. Annuals C
Gerbera Daisy Gerbera jamesonii Annuals C
Geum, Avens Geum sp. Perennials C
Globeflower Trollius sp. Perennials C
Goat's Beard Aruncus sp. Perennials C
Goldflame Honeysuckle  View photo of Goldflame Honeysuckle Lonicera x heckrottii Vines C
Gooseneck Loosestrife Lysimachia clethroides Perennials C
Greenspire Littleleaf Linden Tilia cordata 'Greenspire' Trees C
Hardy Begonia  View photo of Hardy Begonia Begonia grandis Perennials C
Hardy Geranium Geranium clarkei Perennials C
Hardy Geranium Geranium sanguineum Perennials C
Hardy Geranium Geranium x cantabrigiense Perennials C
Heavenly Bamboo  View photo of Heavenly Bamboo Nandina sp. Shrubs C
Highbush Blueberry Vaccinum corymbosum Shrubs C
Hinoki Cypress Chamaecyparis obtusa Trees C
Hollyhock Alcea sp. Perennials C
Hybrid Tea Rose Rosa x hybrid Shrubs C
Impatiens  View photo of Impatiens Impatiens walleriana Annuals C
Japanese Euonymus Euonymus japonica Shrubs C
Japanese Holly  View photo of Japanese Holly Ilex crenata Shrubs C
Late Lilac Syringa villosa Shrubs C
Leyland Cypress Cupressocyparis leyandii Trees C
Meadowsweet Filipendula sp. Perennials C
Morning Glory Ipomea sp. Annuals C
Mountain Bluet Centaurea montana Perennials C
Mountain Laurel  View photo of Mountain Laurel Kalmia latifolia Shrubs C
Multiflora Rose Rosa multiflora Shrubs C
Nellie Stevens Holly Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens' Trees C
Northern Red Oak Quercus rubra Trees C
Norway Maple Acer platanoides Trees C
Oakleaf Hydrangea  View photo of Oakleaf Hydrangea Hydrangea quercifolia Shrubs C
Panicle Hydrangea Hydrangea paniculata Shrubs C
Panicled Dogwood Cornus racemosa Shrubs C
Pansy Viola sp. Annuals C
Penstemon  View photo of Penstemon Penstemon sp. Perennials C
Pernyi Holly Ilex pernyi Trees C
Persian Lilac Syringa x persica Shrubs C
Phlox  View photo of Phlox Phlox sp. Perennials C
Pink Turtlehead Chelone sp. Perennials C
Purple Leaf Sand Cherry Prunus x cistena Shrubs C
Purple Loosestrife Lythrum sp. Perennials C
Rose Mallow Hibiscus moscheutos Perennials C
Rosebay Rhododendron Rhododendron maximum Shrubs C
Rugosa Rose Rosa rugosa Shrubs C
Shasta Daisy Chrysanthemum superbum Perennials C
Shasta Daisy Leucanthemum maximum Perennials C
Shore Juniper Juniperus conferta Shrubs C
Showy Sedum Sedum spectabile Perennials C
Silver Maple Acer saccharinum Trees C
Smooth Hydrangea  View photo of Smooth Hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens Shrubs C
Solomon's Seal  View photo of Solomon's Seal Polygonatum sp. Perennials C
Spurge Euphorbia dulcis 'Chameleon' Perennials C
Staghorn Sumac  View photo of Staghorn Sumac Rhus typhina Trees C
Sundrops Oenethera sp. Perennials C
Sunflower Helianthus sp. Annuals C
Sweet Cherry Prunus avium Trees C
Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua Trees C
Trumpet Creeper  View photo of Trumpet Creeper Campsis radicans Vines C
Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus quinquifolia Vines C
Wax Begonia Begonia semperflorens Annuals C
Western Arborvitae Thuja plicata Trees C
White Fir Abies concolor Trees C
White Fringe Tree Chionanthus virginicus Trees C
White Oak Quercus alba Trees C
Willows (1) Salix sp. Trees C
Winged Euonymus Euonymus alata Shrubs C
Wintercreeper Euonymus fortunei Groundcovers C
American Arborvitae Thuja occidentalis Trees D
Candy Lily Pardancanda x norrisii Perennials D
Cherries (1) Prunus sp. Trees D
European Mountain Ash Sorbus aucuparia Trees D
Evergreen Azaleas (1) Rhododendron sp. Shrubs D
Hardy Geranium Geranium endressii Perennials D
Hosta  View photo of Hosta Hosta sp. Perennials D
Pinxterbloom Azalea Rhododendron penclymenoides Shrubs D
Plums Prunus sp. Trees D
Rhododendrons (1) Rhododendron sp. Shrubs D
Sea-Holly  View photo of Sea-Holly Eryngium sp. Perennials D
Strawberry Fragraria sp. Perennials D
Tulip Tulip sp. Bulbs D
Wintercreeper Euonymus fortunei Shrubs D
Wintercreeper Euonymus fortunei Vines D
Yews Taxus sp. Shrubs D


1 Check other rating categories to find additional species or cultivars of this genus.

2 May eat buds.


Content: Pete Nitzsche, Pedro Perdomo, and David Drake
Photos: Pete Nitzsche
Database Design: Kathy Robinson and Phil Wisneski
Website Design: Phil Wisneski

Special thanks to our cooperators on this project: Helen Heinrich, Certified Landscape Architect; James Messina, Certified Landscape Architect, Landscape Plus; Valerie Sudal, Garden Writer, The Newark Star-Ledger; and numerous landscapers, Master Gardeners, and nurserymen who provided ratings.