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Simple, Common Sense

Methods to Control Bed Bugs

Dr. Changlu Wang


person sleeping in bed bug infestated bed

Bed bugs are tiny parasites that seek out sleeping people or animals for a blood meal. They are attracted to the CO2 that you exhale, your body heat and your smell. After feeding, they hide. It is extremely challenging, but not impossible, to prevent, detect and control bed bugs.

Controlling Bed Bugs Using Integrated Pest Management

In most cases, pesticides alone will not eliminate bed bugs. Integrated Pest Management (IPM), needs to be implemented for effective bed bug control. IPM is an environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on knowledge of the pest and a combination of common sense practices, such as inspection, monitoring, reducing clutter, sealing cracks, the use of barriers, non-chemical methods and the judicious and careful use of pesticides, if needed.

1. Environmental Modification

vacuum cleaner mattress encasement bed bug interceptor sealed garbage bag person sealing cracks

Bed bugs are not your fault. Anyone can have them.

2. Non-Chemical Controls

bed seam cleaning with hot steam application

Items that cannot be washed or dried may be steamed, heated or frozen using specialized equipment. Raising the indoor temperature with a thermostat or space heaters will not kill the bed bugs.

3. Monitoring

home made bed bug monitor

4. Insecticide Treatments

Diatomaceous Earth (DE)

5. Follow up Monitoring

bed bug interceptor

If no live bugs or their signs are noticed for 6 weeks, you may declare "the bed bugs are eliminated!"

What Do Bed Bugs Look Like?

a bed bug's developmental stages from egg to full grown

Signs of Bed Bugs

bed bug bites close up

Important, Be Sure Your Pests are Bed Bugs!!

Recognizing and Finding Bed Bugs

Bed Bug Hiding Places

bed bugs on a mattress seam
Proactive monitoring, early detection and prompt response will avoid larger problems.

For more information on bed bugs and IPM go to:
Bed bug video: