The Asian Longhorned Beetle is a large beetle (3/4 to 1-1/4 inches long) with extremely long antennae (1.5 to 2.5 times its body length). Adult beetles are black in color with mottled white spots on their backs. Adults also have distinctive white bands on each antennal segment. During the summer and late fall, females chew egg laying depressions into the bark of host trees where they lay a single egg.
Asian Longhorned Beetle larvae live and feed under the bark of trees and emergence during mid to late summer and into the fall. Emergence holes are perfectly round (3/8 inch in diameter) and are visible on tree trunks and branches greater than 1-1/2 inches in diameter. Sometimes frass (sawdust) can be seen in emergence holes, where branches meet the trunk of the tree or at the base of a tree. Heavily infested trees can be riddled with emergence holes.